The earliest cycling race was dated to be held in a park in France in 1868. Cycling was the official competition sport since the 1st Asian Games. It features four disciplines: track, road, mountain bike and BMX.
1, Cycling Track
It is held in indoor velodrome. The track shall be oval and peviform. The track shall be of a 400m, 250m or 333.3m length usually, while 333.3m is the international standard track. The width of track is 5-9m and the bend slope is 25 – 45 degree. The competition events consist of sprint, pursuit, points race, Keirin and Madison, etc.
2, Cycling Road
The course for road races shall be on a circuit comprising various sections, including bends and slopes. The track must be a minimum of 6m wide and at least 8m at it start and finish. There shall be at least 500m straight before the finish line and at least 100m straight for the buffer zone. A course in the form of starting and finishing in the same place is permitted.
3, Mountain Bike
The course for a cross-country race should include, where possible, significant amounts of descending paths, climbing paths, fields, earth or gravel paths, forest roads and paved or tarred/asphalt roads. The course must be wholly ridable regardless of the terrain and weather conditions.
Riders shall take a mass start. The rankings shall be determined on the order of the riders passing the finish line.
4, Cycling BMX
The track consists of many obstacles and three turns, and must be of a compact, closed looped design, forming a circuit whose length measured along its center line is not less than 300m or greater than 400m. The track must be a minimum of 10m wide at its start and may not taper to a width of less than 5m at any point along its course. Riders registered to compete in an event with a rim size of the wheel shall be 20 inches in a special BMX track.
The race shall be three rounds: preliminary, qualifying and finals. The transferring of riders to the qualifying rounds shall be according to the listed order. Each preliminary shall have three stages. There shall be sixteenth, eighth, quarter according to the number of the riders. The first four riders of each group after the semifinals shall transfer to the finals and compete from the first place to the eighth place.