3. CURRENT KING AND ROYAL FAMILY
KING JIGME SINGYE WANGCHUCK
His Royal Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck
King of Bhutan
The fourth hereditary and the current King Jime Singye Wangchuck (1972 - ) was born on 11 November 1955. His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan is the reigning monarch and head of Bhutanese Royal Family. He received modern education. He briefly studied in India and the United Kingdom. He returned to the Ugyen Wangchuck Academy in Paro, Bhutan in 1970. However, he could not complete his school education due to the sudden death of his father. He became king on 23 July 1972 at the age of 17. His official coronation was held on June 02, 1974.
In 1979 His Majesty King Jime Singye Wangchuck married four sisters - Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck, Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck, Ashi Tshering Yangdon Wangchuck and Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuck as queens. An official royal wedding and a public ceremony was held on 31 October 1988. They five princes and five princesses. HRH Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck is the Crown Prince.
His Majesty King Jime Singye Wangchuck also carried forward the socio-economic progress of the country initiated by his father. Bhutan has made tremendous progress in the filed of communications, hydro-electric power development, education, health, financial sector, environmental protection, and industrial and infrastructural development during his reign. The per capita GDP stood at its highest of US$ 712.8 (Nu 32,006) in 2000.
Bhutan became the member of. ESCAP in 1972, NAM in 1973, IFAD, IMF, IBRD, IDA and FAO in 1981, WHO, UNESCO and ADB in 1982, UNIDO in 1983, ITU in 1988, ICAO in 1989, ECOSOC in 1992.
Under his reign, Bhutan established diplomatic relations with Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, EEC, Norway and Netherlands Kuwait, Japan, Finland, South Korea, Austria, Thailand, Bahrain, Hongkong, Singapore, Macaw, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Pakistan , Bangladesh, India and Nepal.
4. POLITICAL PROBLEMS
However, Bhutan has been facing its biggest political problems during his reign. Over 100,000 Bhutanese refugees are now living in the UNHCR administered refugee camps in Nepal since 1991. Bhutan has been facing its biggest security threat from the militants of India's north-east provinces, who have taken shelter in Bhutanese territories since a decade. These militants outlawed by the government of India are operating against the government of India and Indian army from their bases in Bhutan.
5. ROYAL FAMILY MEMBERS
His Majesty the King has four sisters as follows:
H.R.H. Princess Ashi Sonam Choden Wangchuck, b. 26 July 1953.
H.R.H. Princess Ashi Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck, b. 8 Sept 1954.
H.R.H. Princess Ashi Pem Pem Wangchuck, b. 12 March 1959.
H.R.H. Princess Ashi Kesang Wangmo Wangchuck, b. 11 May 1961.
In 1979, His Majesty married four sisters, daughters of Yab Ugen Dorji and Yum Thuiji Zam A private royal wedding ceremony was held discreetly in 1979, followed by a public ceremony on 31 October 1988. During the royal wedding, the eldest prince, His Royal Highness Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck was declared as Crown Prince. The names of Their Majesties the Queens and Royal children are as follows:
Her Majesty Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck (b.20/12/1955, second daughter of Yab Ugen Dorji)
Her Majesty Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck (b. 20/12/1957, third daughter)
Her Majesty Ashi Tshering Yangdön Wangchuck (b. 21/6/1959, fourth daughter)
Her Majesty Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuck (b. 11/5/1963, fifth daughter)
The names of Royal children are as follows:
HRH Princess Ashi Chimi Yamgzam, daughter of Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck. (b. 10/1/1980)
HRH Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, Crown Prince, son of Ashi Tshering Yangdön Wangchuck. (b. 21/2/1980). He M Phil in Politics at Magdalen College, Oxford, UK in 2003.
HRH Princess Ashi Sonam Dechen, daughter of Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck. (b. 5/8/1981)
HRH Princess Ashi Dechen Yangzam, daughter of Ashi Tsering Yangdon Wangchuck. (b. 2/12/1981)
HRH Princess Ashi Kesang Choden, daughter of Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck (b. 23/1/1982)
HRH Prince Dasho Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuk, son of Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck. (b. 6/7/1984). He studied in Choate Rosemary High School in the USA for three years and completed his high school. He was then enrolled as a first year student to study history and politics at St Peter's College Oxford, UK in 2003. He left the college unfinished on November 04, 2003.
HRH Prince Dasho Khamsum Singhye Wangchuk, son of Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuck. (b. 6/10/1985)
HRH Prince Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, son of Ashi Tshering Yangdön Wangchuck. (b.14/4/1986 )
HRH Princess Ashi Euphelma Choden Wangchuk, daughter of Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuck (b.1993)
HRH Prince Dasho Ugyen Jigme Wangchuk, son of Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck. (b.1994)
From left: Her Majesty Ashi Tshering Yangdön Wangchuck, Her Majesty Ashi Tshering Pem Wangchuck, His Majesty the King, Her Majesty Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck and Her Majesty Ashi Sangay Choden Wanghcuk.
His Royal Highness Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck
Crown Prince of Bhutan
His Royal Highness Dasho Jigel Ugen Wangchuck
Prince of Bhutan